What’s The Difference Between A Laptop And A Notebook?

Most average users believe that laptops and notebooks are the same devices. In reality, they are completely different, designed for different purposes and come with different features. So no, a laptop and a notebook are not the same, despite the fact they may look alike. As we have mentioned, there are a lot of differences between these two devices. In the rest of the content, we will explain all the differences there are, so you can properly decide which device of these two you actually need.

Differences between a Laptop and a Notebook

Weight and purpose

laptopThere are two, the main differences between these two devices. The first one is weight. Most laptops come in a weight range between 4 and 8 pounds, while notebooks are much lighter and they usually weigh less than 5 pounds. This is the main difference which explains all the other differences. The weight is determined by the size of a screen and the internal components, so you can get an idea about other differences we have here. Purposes are actually more than just different when it comes to laptops and notebooks. As a matter of fact, they are not designed for the same applications. Laptops were originally developed to allow business people to operate while traveling or on remote locations. They were much slower than desktop computers, so their capabilities were limited. On the other hand, newer laptops are so powerful and sophisticated that they can completely replace a desktop computer. Some models are actually designed for games, and they are called gaming laptops, which means that they are more powerful than some desktop computers. As such, newer models are capable for all purposes and applications a user may need. Notebooks are developed for more, personal purposes. They are great for web browsing, for occasional games, for movies and etc. Basically, they are ideal for those who want to use the web and social media on the go. And no, notebooks are not designed for gaming, demanding software or similar purposes.

Screen size

Screen sizeAnother important difference is the size of a screen. Laptops come in different sizes, but most of them have screens between 10 and 20 inches. There are no larger models nor smaller either. Notebooks are a bit more complicated to define when it comes to the screen size. Usually, they are designed to have the same overall size as a notebook, therefore the name. While laptops can fit a bag, notebooks can fit a purse and still leave a lot of space inside. Keep in mind that some manufacturers sell their laptops as notebooks, meaning that are very small laptops, or larger notebooks. In addition, a keyboard isn’t a massive difference here and both types may have full-size keyboards. The quality of the screens is usually the same. Nowadays, both types offer high-quality screens, while some offer Retina screens as well. It is almost impossible to find a laptop or a notebook which has a low-quality screen. On the other hand, screen resolution varies and it cannot be generalized.

RAM, processing power and cooling

Here we have another set of differences, which explains the main purpose of both devices. Let’s start with laptops. They may have between 1 and 16GB of RAM, while some, rare models may have up to 32GB.  This is the main reason why they are so powerful. Processing power is impressive as well. It is equivalent to the desktop computers, but for this advantage, you will need a high-end model. Laptops do have processors with the same name as desktop computers, but there are a lot of differences in the actual speed. Cooling is always performed by a fan, due to the fact laptops generate plenty of heat. Some have just one fan, while others have two, one for a processor and another for the graphics card. design of workspace desk with laptopNotebooks are completely different in these aspects. First of all, RAM memory is much smaller, so we are expecting a range between 1 and 4GB (while 4GB are extremely rare). This is explained due to the fact notebooks are designed for simpler usages. Processing power is much lower as well. New models may have fast processors, but they are still slower than those built-in laptops. In addition, notebooks use processors which are developed specifically for them. This means that cooling must be different as well. That’s why most of them don’t have a cooling fan, which is beneficial when it comes to the weight and noise. Notebooks don’t need a cooling fan because their processors generate far less heat than laptops. We should add that all laptops come with possibilities for upgrades. Users can add more RAM memory, change graphics cards, processor and storage space. Additionally, it is possible to overclock memory and a processor, meaning that you will remove the limitations and get better performances. However, this uses more energy and may damage a processor. Notebooks, on the other hand, are upgrade-free devices. They cannot be improved, so you will end up with what you buy. They cannot be overclocked either, so the performances you get are permanent. Here we should add that laptops almost always come with a CD/DVD drive, while notebooks don’t. They use external drives, which isn’t a big deal if you know that not a lot of users use CDs and DVDs nowadays.

Storage space

RamStorage space in the case of laptops cannot be generalized. There are so many different models, with different storage capacities. The main difference is the type of storage space. We have SSD, which is better and more expensive, compared to HDD, which is more affordable, but slower. Laptops usually have SSD nowadays but not a lot of capacity. Some models have 128GB of SSD storage, which is barely sufficient. However, more expensive models come with a storage space of up to 1TB. Of course, this refers to HDD. There are rare models which have a hybrid storage system, meaning that they feature an SSD and an HDD. Notebooks are almost completely limited to SSD due to the fact it is the much smaller type of storage and it uses less electricity. As such, you can expect a lot of advantages in the terms of speed and noise. Capacity may be 64GB but it may reach 1TB as well, thanks to the size advantage we have mentioned.

Battery life

This is another, difficult difference to explain. Usually, laptops have a bit better battery life which may reach 17 hours. But, those models are treated as high-end units, so they are far from affordable. In addition, most models, popular nowadays can provide battery life between 4 and 12 hours. Notebooks are even harder to explain. Their batteries use less energy, so they should last longer. But, due to small size, you should expect between 5 and 114 hours. To summarize the battery life facts, high-end laptops have a longer battery life, while standard ones have shorter than notebooks. Of course, the usage of a device significantly affects the battery life. Web browsing uses less energy than playing games, so keep that in mind.


In the lack of a better word, laptops are more expensive than notebooks, obviously. Because they come with more sophisticated processors, more RAM memory and higher amount of storage space, they cost more. An average laptop can be yours for $500 or less. This means that you will still get decent performances, larger screen and a lot of other features you are going to appreciate. But, if you are looking for a much better configuration, you should expect to spend around $1000 on a laptop. The situation with notebooks is much different. Most models are in the $200 price range, but there are some units with a price tag of $150 or less. Also, there are high-end models which may reach $800, but they are equipped with superb configurations. Netbook

Which type is more popular?

You may believe that laptops are more popular, which is only partly true. Yes, laptops were more common since 1998, when they were introduced, but nowadays, they aren’t. We were able to see an increase in notebook demand in 2007, while demand for laptops decreased. An interesting fact is that the same thing occurred in notebooks a few years later, in 2010, when the demand for tablets surpassed demand for notebooks. All of this means that there are no rules when it comes to popularity. The unwritten rule is that notebooks are more popular on colleges and among users who need a simple and portable device to complete minor tasks. Laptops, on the other side, are more desirable for businessmen and users who want desktop-alike performances in a small case.

The final word

As you can see, there are a lot of differences between laptops and notebooks. As a matter of fact, these are not the same devices, nor they have been developed for the same purposes. Keep in mind that you will have to know all regarding your requirements and applications before you choose to purchase a laptop or a notebook.

Speed of Hard Drive

Hard drives are always the most useful parts of every computer system. However, the speed of all drives is not same. That is why many users like to make out the speed of their own hard drives. You may have inserted a new SSD in a computer. So, it is better to find out the speed of this drive. One of the best ways to test this speed is to make a dummy file.

speed test

Process to create the file for testing hard drive

What you should do is to run one command line. Then, enter the fast commands at the right place. This is applicable for almost all Windows versions. Click on Run for opening a window. Hit OK button after typing- cmd. The file length should be measured only in bytes. While you are not sure of the way of converting the bigger file to these units, you have to enter the values for obtaining the sizes. You have to know the syntax, used to create this dummy file. Enter it to the command line. Press Enter to generate the dummy file. After the development of this file, we have to choose Properties in order to know the size. While you have developed dummy file in your computer, you may apply it for testing out the speed of transferring data or the speed of HDD. Testing the speed by using dummy file may be very simple. For instance, you like to know the amount of time needed for writing 10 GB file. You need only USB, flash drive and your timepiece. You may repeat the above test not only to check out the HDD speed but also to assess many other things. For instance you can check performance level of many devices and transfer of network. Thus, use the dummy file to meet various needs.

Use of software to know the speed of a hard drive

You can also download any hard drive testing tool from the online sites. These tools read every part of the drive and present you with a report about this speed. They also track the speed of reading and carry out a random process. You need to choose your drive so that the software may automatically start checking the outcome. Many software systems also help you in comparing speeds of various drives. Usually, the tools measure the speed in MB/s or kb/s. You may better choose a software system, which works for both Windows and Mac. Thus, you may choose any of the two ways to know the speed of hard drive. The performance and other features of this drive affect another unit of your computer. To run your computer, you always need to access your drive, and that’s why the highest HDD speed is always desirable to every computer user. Lots of brands are trying to improve the performance of these drives. However, still, you may better test out the hard drive that is present in your computer system.

How can I improve my laptop’s gaming performance?

Are you someone who loves to unwind with video games at the end of a long day? Playstations and gaming consoles don’t just quite cut it if you are looking for some serious gaming. With outdated graphics, inability to upgrade the hardware and is limited to as many as ten years before the next generation console comes out, it couldn’t get worse. Plus, they are bulky and you wouldn’t be able to carry them with you if you are traveling. Laptop gaming gets rid of all those worries. Not only are laptops more convenient to carry, but also are multi-functional which means the investment will help you in more ways than one! When choosing a gaming computer there are some essential components that you, as a gamer need to keep in mind. You need to look at its CPU, GPU, you need a good motherboard as it controls everything and a hard drive that saves your gaming progress. However, if it doesn’t offer the gaming performance you need, you have something to worry about. Alienware 15 inch Laptop

How smoothly does your games run?

Unless you have a high-end laptop that has been hard-wired for gaming, chances are that your laptop may not be able to support all games. Some of the things that you would want from your gaming laptop are the following: – Look if you can play modern games like CS: GO.
You need your PC compatible with modern graphic cards, like AMD Radeon RX which can help you play games in both 1920 x 1440 and 2560 x 1400 screen resolutions.
– Look at the image quality – you need to average it at around 265 FPS at 1440P. – Look at the CPU utilization. – Look at the frame rates, which ensures your games run smoothly and offer you impressive results. If you are worried about having to buy a new gaming laptop every few years, don’t worry. The good news is that you can upgrade the specifications of your laptop to make it more suitable for gaming, and the process is not even difficult. I have struggled to be an avid gamer within a certain budget myself, which is why I have put together this article to help out people in the same situation. Razer Blade Pro

What will you need to follow this tutorial?

For a laptop, the only hardware upgrade you can make is in the form of an external storage disk. The only requirement to follow through this tutorial is a desire to tweak and adjust your laptop settings. However, you should have minimum technical expertise if you want to fiddle with your laptop. If you are a beginner, then it is advisable that you take the help of someone who knows his or her way around a laptop. There are different ways you can try to improve the gaming performance of your laptop, but you will get the best results if you combine them to form a routine. Step by step instructions: Here is all that you need to do to improve your laptop’s gaming performance. It is easy and it can help you get your laptop kicking back up in no time, delivering optimum performance. 1. Clean Your Laptop: Making your laptop dust-free is not as easy as it sounds. You will have to open it up carefully and clean the dust off delicate parts, Often, the accumulation of dust can cause the laptop to slow down which is why this step is so important. 2. Driver Update: It is absolutely essential that you update your drivers regularly. Without the latest drivers, your la[top’s gaming performance will fall drastically no matter what operating system you use. The method to update is hassle-free and you should waste no time in doing it. 3. Optimise your laptop: Your Power settings play a major role in determining the smoothness of your running games. When we use laptops for office work, we tend to compromise the performance for more battery life. You will be surprised at how effective power management can change your gaming experience altogether. Keep your laptop connected to a power cable and opt for the High-performance option when playing heavy video games for an improved experienced. Close all background applications if you do not want your laptop to slow down. 4. Increase storage: If you have bought a medium-range laptop, chances are that it does not come it with a lot of storage space for your big games. In this scenario, you can use an external storage device or card to accommodate the size of graphic-heavy games. Make sure you read up online before deciding which storage option will work out best for your laptop. laptop Benchmarks The Other Tips

Apart from these, the following tips will help:

  • Look to have the best graphics cards and a good memory of around 16GB DDDR4 RAM that offers higher functions.
  • Check if its memory and storage capacity is sufficient for any gamer
  • Check if it has higher room for upgrades
  • if you are looking for more than just gaming, check if it is suitable for multitasking
  • Look for at least an inIntel7 quad-core processor – it is deemed to be the best in performance and one that can pull your laptop though the next few years easily.


Once you have prepared your laptop following the above steps, get ready for a gaming experience that will blow you away! Following this routine has helped me maximize my laptop gaming and you should try it out too because it works for every laptop out there. If you liked this tutorial, then leave a comment below. You can also share it with your friends for them to try.

What are the uses of Headphones and Earbuds this decade?

Welcome to the brand new world of headphones of this decade!!! Here you ever experience the customized headphones with multiple features. The headphones of this decade are perfectly blended with your lifestyle. Yes, you are getting me right; the new range of headphones is not just about the sound quality and the comfort, it’s more about the lifestyle and special features. The uses are many including for DJs, for gaming, for music lovers, for fashion, for kids, and for sports. You may find an array of types and brands of headphones or earbuds in the market. I am presenting this article so that you will find your right match of earbuds. You should check the brand, the sound quality, and the additional feature before buying a pair.  

Uses of Headphones – This Decade

headphones Talking about this decade, you will see headphones everywhere. You might have seen a pair of headphones even with the person who doesn’t have any feelings for music. Have you wondered what the other uses of headphones are? Headphones of this decade are useful for every member of your family. You can buy a pair of headphones for the little brats of your home, for your stylish teen, and even for the hard-working professional. 1. For Sports Sports headphones (for the fittest guy of your family): These are specially designed for fitness freaks who love to workout with music. The headphones are water resistant and come in wireless models. Some additional features are its biometric monitoring and reflecting cords with the wired model. 2. For Health The biometric headphones monitor the heart rate by analyzing the information from your ears. These sports headphones also feed your audio cues. You will not need any other gadget to record your workout. These headphones are compatible with your Android workout apps. 3. For Music earbudsFor professional music people (for the music lover of your family): These are the headphones of this decade especially built for the audiophiles. The over-ear headphones with oversized drivers give unparalleled sound-quality. The isolating ear cups block out the external noise and enhance the bass response. The noise canceling feature uses tiny microphones to capture ambient sound. These sounds are then presented into the output of the speakers. The sound-isolating feature uses a specific material to create a barrier between the surrounding sounds and your ears. 4. For those Amazing Parties For DJs (for the party bird of your family): DJ headphones are heavy duty over-ear cans with padded earbuds. The high-volume level of these headphones can be used with live sound systems. These are designed to emphasize bass. These headphones come with a frequency range that gives you the best of highs and lows of DJ Music. The ultimate frequency range of these earbuds offers you stunning audio clarity. 5. Headphones in fashion (for the cool chic of your family): The bright colored on-ear and over-ear headphones come in the variety of cool designs. These headphones are in fashion with stunning colors and patterns. Many youngsters use these earbuds as their unique personalized style. You can buy stylish headphones that can act as a catalyst to your personality. You can find a shiny pair of headphones with stunning designs. 6. For Gaming (for the alien member of your family): These headphones are a treat for serious gamers. Gaming Headphones come with the deep bass response and high volume support without distortion. The real experience of virtual reality games come with these types of headphones. These high-end headphones have multiple drivers. These drivers reproduce multichannel sound formats for gamers. The headphones come with microphones for multiplayer gamers. This can be used with your PC, Console, and Smartphone. 7. Travel Headphones (for the wanderlust teen of your family): earbudsTraveling with your playlist alone? Here is something you fall in love with – a travel headphone. It is a lightweight headphone that is quite portable. It is designed with noise-canceling and sound-isolating features. This is easily foldable. A wireless headphone is more suited for the travel purpose. It has automatic volume control and mics on the earpiece itself. And last but not the least, for the little brats of your family. Headphones for kids come with fun designs and colors. These are highly durable and easily fit in their small ears. These headphones are completely safe for the kids, as the listening level is limited to 85 dB. You might have warned by your headphones about the permanent hearing loss. The headphones for kids come with an additional feature of automatic volume control. It keeps the volume at the safe-level. There are two types of headphones, in-ear headphones, and over-ear headphones. In-ear headphones are tiny and portable, but it can’t match the over-ear headphone features. The wired in-ear headphones come with single-sided cabling and double-sided (Y-Cabling). The on-ear and over-ear headphones have deep bass response and additional sound quality features. Over-ear headphones with light headbands are more comfortable than the heavier ones. You would want to decide which one you prefer first – in-ear headphones, for one, is great when it comes to noise cancellation. earbuds


Have you enjoyed reading this article? I am sure, now you will not stick to the free earbuds that came with your phone. You might have a craving now for the headphones that match your style. But don’t forget to check the high-quality sound, the comfortable fit and the brand of the headphones before buying. You will find a range of shapes, styles, and brands for the headphones of this decade. This wonderful gadget is compatible with your Smartphone. Leave your comments regarding any other question or recommendation related to the uses of headphones. Don’t forget to share this article with the all your friends who still think that a headphone is just for sound-isolation. I will keep posting such informative articles for you to help to make the decision quicker, and easier.

How to Choose the Best Sounding Headphones?

Audiophiles cannot compromise with the sound quality by any means- and that’s what I go by. So when I recently purchased a new Android tablet, the headphone that came with the device wasn’t able to please my ears. I set out to buy a good old headphone which is most comfortable according to me and doesn’t irritate you like earphones. In the process of buying I discovered it’s not so easy to buy a headphone keeping all the considerations in mind. So I thought of creating this handy guide which will help you determine the best sounding headphones.

The Top Tips to Helping You Get the Right Headphones

Professional Studio Monitors You need to know what you need to get the right fit for you. To make the job easier, here are the steps that you need to follow. 1. Decide what you Want You can buy different types of headphones with their own pros and cons. You can go for Supra-aural or on-ear headphones which are compact but compromise a bit on sound quality and sound isolation. But they are lightweight and portable. The over-ear or Circumaural headphones are bulky but they are more comfortable and provide better acoustics than all other types. Here is the other thing – you need to decide the type of sound you are looking for. Bose headphones, for instance, may sound great to your ears but to an audiophile, it may not be as great. It’s simple, the reason – Bose headphones make the audio look better than it actually is. As an audiophile, you wouldn’t want to have that enhanced version and would rather want to hear the true chors, just like as it was sung by the singer. Knowing what and how you are going to use the headphones – whether to listen to music on travel just to appreicate the beauty of it all will help you make the right choice. You can also go for Bluetooth headphones with dedicated playing controls located on the headset. 2. You get What you Pay For Best HeadphonesIt’s true that you headphones with good sound quality will be priced higher in the range of $100. You can get loud sound from a cheap pair of headphone but it will lack in sound quality. That being said, if a cheap headphone sounds the same as an expensive headphone, it is better to go for the former one! We wouldn’t suggest that you buy a $1000 plus headphone, but if you are looking for some quality, a $50 headphone can never equal to that of a $300 headphone. Sure, it could beat an $80 one, if you choose it right, and that is what you really need to focus on. 3. Check for Noise Isolation Many people confuse noise isolation and noise cancellation but both are different features. Noise isolation is a physical process of blocking outside noise so that you can enjoy your music in peace. You may have a thick padding on your headphone which blocks the ambient noise outside and keeps the music in. An open end headphone will also allow some sound to leak out. So if you want to keep everything sealed, you should pick a closed-back headphone with better sound insulation. Again, decide whether you really do need noise isolation – if you would rather want to be aware of what is happening around you, you don’t need this. 4. You need to Pay Extra for Noise Cancellation LCD series of headphones from AudezeNoise canceling is a technical feature which analyzes the surrounding sound and sends an inverted version of the sound inside the headphone. This contributes in cancelling the surrounding sound. You have to pay a bit higher price for a pair of good sound canceling headphones. But it’s a compromise and the feature even brings down the sound of the song you are playing making you reach for high volumes. You will need batteries for sound canceling headphones and it’s best to go for the full size versions for best results. 5. Consider the Portability Big and bulky headphones come with the best sound but they are not convenient to carry around. SO if you are ready to compromise on sound quality a bit, then going for on-ear headphones will save much space in your bag. If you don’t like the hassle of wires, then going Bluetooth is the best option. You will need to pay more and recharge the batteries while having the advantage of playback controls on the headset. 6. Check the Frequency noise cancelling headphonesIt’s always better to go for a wide frequency range as you can hear all the instruments and layers effectively. Headphones with wide ranges like 10 Hz to 25,000 Hz is the best option though you can stick to any range in between. Different frequency ranges also produce different results- for example, you will have more bass if the low end frequencies come higher in the sound graph. 7. Test your Headphones Now comes the time to put on your headphone and test it out. Listen carefully how it sounds and if all layers of the music is audible. Play songs of different genres so that you can check out the performance for different instruments and styles and go for the one you like!

Get your Headphone!

I follow the same guideline every time I buy a headphone and hope it works for you too! If you have any comments or suggestions, please leave it in the comments. Let us know if you like the guide!

Why Do People Choose to Buy a Noise Cancelling Headphones?

Have you ever felt that your music experience would be so much better if only you could completely block out the outside world? Whether you are on commute where the sounds of car honks continually interrupt the melody or sitting in a room full of chattering people, there is no dearth of ways how your music can be disrupted. Are you looking for a permanent solution to this problem? Since you cannot change the external circumstances most of time, you need to make the required adjustment. Noise-cancelling headphones are all the rage, and why shouldn’t they be? Bid farewell to your old pair of headphones or earphones, and tap into the noise-cancelling technology that is impressing music lovers worldwide. With the help of noise-cancelling headphones, you will be able to tune out of the mundane drone that is going on around you, and just enjoy the music in its purest form. I have personally found such headphones to be extremely helpful in increasing my appreciation of music. You will get a studio experience where every note of the music will be rich and clear to your ears. Follow This guide to know how you can get your hands on amazing noise-cancelling headphones.
Sony 1000XM2
Image Source

The Top Requirements You Need to Get the Right Noise Cancelling Headphone

So, what is it that makes a good noise canceling headphone? We will take a look at the different factors you will need to consider. 1. Know how: When you are investing in a product, you should know the technology with which it works. Noise-cancelling headphones eliminate the frequencies generated by the ambient sound so that you are only left with the pure notes of the music. If You want to spend your money on the best noise cancelling headphones in the market, then be ready to do a lot of research. You should know exactly what You want from your listening experience. 2. Budget: Having a fixed budget in mind can help you in the elimination process in case you have a long list of options that you need to check off. Moreover, it will prevent you from making incurring expenses that are beyond your current means. However, make sure that you do not set the budget so low that you do not get a premium product. Noise cancellation works best with superb audio quality. Go for branded products in the mid-price range.

Steps To Follow:

Still worried as to how you can go about making the right choice? Here are the steps to follow. 1. Decide On The Style: You will find that noise-cancelling headphones are marketed in a variety of types and sizes. They are all designed to block out ambient sound, but the different styles allow for more flexibility. Choose among in-ear headphones, circumaural headphones or around-ear headphones and supra-aural headphones or over-ear headphones. The in-ear headphones are more portable because they come with fitted earbuds while over-ear headphones can block out sound better. Baby Noise Cancelling Headphones 2. Find A pair Of Active Headphones: You will find that passive noise-cancelling headphones create a physical barrier in order to cut out the noise. A seal is provided whose purpose is to isolate the user from the surroundings completely. This can prove to be a health hazard. On the other hand, active noise-cancelling headphones use digital signal processing so as to keep the surrounding sound blocked. The processor and microphone check the ambient sounds and then make necessary adjustments. 3. Look For The Best Audio Quality: Not all noise-cancelling headphones will provide you with excellent sound quality. The property of noise-cancelling does not have a link with the audio quality which rather depends on the build, design and internal drivers of the headphone. Also, look if they offer something extra. For instance, some of them offer a unique noise echo cancellation feature. Others offer extra protection against background noises. Don’t jump the bandwagon though. No matter what you choose, you need to know though whether these features, as claimed, work in the first place. For the best experience, get your hands on noise-cancelling headphones which will give you premium sound. Since all other sounds will be blocked, you will be dissatisfied if the audio quality is not rich enough to fill your ears. Also, do have the receiver close to you to ensure that you can listen to what you want, easily. 4. Do not forget About battery Life: You need headphones with a fair amount of battery life. Noise-cancelling headphones which have an active cancelling technology are bound to have an audio processor which will need to be charged. Use headphones that have longer battery lives or built-in rechargeable units so that You get value for your money. Most would offer you around 8 hours of juice though the lesser priced ones can go kapoot in less than 4 hours. Do note that longer battery life doesn’t mean good thing always – manufacturers can tend to increase battery juice at the expense of audio clarity. The headphone you will be left with after following these steps is the one you should go for. Bose


Now that you know how to buy the best pair of noise-cancelling headphones do not waste any time in making the final purchase. Music often acts as our favourite companion and saviour, which is why We should make no compromises when we are trying to upgrade our music experience. If you truly want to concentrate on your favourite song because you know that every second would be worth your time, then noise-cancelling headphones are your best bet. Let us know if the article was helpful to you in the comment section below. If you know someone who can benefit from the article as well, then please feel free to share it.